A new scientific analysis concludes that the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA) claim that glyphosate is not genotoxic cannot be justified on the basis of manufacturers’ studies. Of the 53 industry-funded studies used for the EU’s current authorization of glyphosate, 34 were identified as "not reliable", 17 as "partly reliable" and only 2 studies as "reliable" from a methodological point of view.
15 June 2021, Brussels
Today four EU member states (France, Hungary, the Netherlands and Sweden) released a statement which concluded that glyphosate does not pose risks for human health. HEAL is concerned at such a conclusion, which contradicts scientific evidence of the association between exposure to the popular pesticide and the development of cancer. Today’s announcement represents the first step in the new safety assessment of glyphosate, the current market approval of which will expire in December 2022 .
“The International Agency for Research on Cancer already concluded that exposure to glyphosate is linked to cancer in 2015. Today’s announcement on the safety of glyphosate is a major step backwards and it highlights remaining questions about the objectivity and independence of Europe’s safety assessment of pesticides,” says Dr Angeliki Lyssimachou, Senior Science Policy Officer at the Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL).
Glyphosate is the most widely-used pesticide in the world, in spite of its well-documented negative health impacts. Exposure to glyphosate-based herbicides has been linked to certain types of cancer as well as to adverse effects on the development and hormonal system, among others .
In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) concluded that glyphosate “probably causes cancer” . Yet in 2017, representatives of European governments reauthorised the substance on the European market until December 2022. Scientists and civil society groups alike criticised this decision for lacking transparency, scientific objectivity, and for being predominantly based on industry-sponsored studies at the expense of findings from academic independent literature .
These concerns were reinforced after internal documents and emails known as “the Monsanto papers ”, obtained during US litigation cases against agri giant Monsanto, came to light. These documents revealed that the company was ghostwriting scientific literature to assert glyphosate’s safety, run campaigns to discredit academic scientists and hide concerns connecting glyphosate to cancer .
As the EU assessment of glyphosate is now passing to the next stage in the process, independent scientists from the Ramazzini Institute are bringing together the largest and most comprehensive toxicological study ever undertaken on a pesticide. The first results of the “Global Glyphosate Study” will be presented during a special webinar organised by HEAL in collaboration with the Ramazzini Institute on Monday 28th June .
HEAL emphasises the crucial importance of independent studies in the safety assessment procedure. “We call on European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to incorporate all data from independent studies into their assessments and scrutinise all industry studies for potential scientific misconducts,” concludes Dr Lyssimachou.