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New toolkit puts spotlight on coal and health in three Turkish cities

Massive investments into new coal power generation are being planned in Turkey, worsening an already poor air quality situation and threatening people’s health. A new HEAL toolkit puts the spotlight on the three ‘coal hotspot’ cities of Terkidag, Canakkale and Izmir. The toolkit aims to support local health professionals and community groups engaged to prevent new coal.

The toolkit entitled “Coal power generation and health in three regions of Turkey: Canakkale, İzmir, and Terkirdag, Turkey” [1] focuses on these three cities where coal projects in the pipeline are likely to increase the existing health burden. Each year, 29,000 people die early from air pollution in Turkey.

Four coal plants are already running in the city of Canakkale, nine new plants are being planned, and one new plant is already under construction. In Tekirdag and Izmir new plants are also in the pipeline, but mounting public concern has already led to the cancelling of some projects. What these 3 regions have in common is the existing lignite coal in the ground and transportation facilities by water, and that the heavy industry has been using and polluting these areas for years. The toolkit also presents information on the overall energy situation in Turkey, where 67% of electricity production is based on fossil fuels.

Contents of the toolkit

The toolkit brings together evidence on the health and environmental situation in Tekirdag, Canakkale and Izmir with statements from local health professionals. It provides information on:
- Energy policies and air pollution in Turkey
- Air quality assesment in Tekirdag, Izmir and Canakkale
- Evidence on the presence of heavy metals and chemicals in the city areas, and their effect on public health
- Information on existing and planned coal power plants in the regions

Communicating on health threats

The toolkit’s second section – From information to action – contains a range of hands-on suggestions. It describes how to communicate the evidence on how coal power generation impacts health to different audiences. It also includes tips on developing specific messaging on coal and health, including sample messages and open letters.

Further information:
[1] English version of the toolkit

[2] Turkish version of the toolkit

Last updated on 20 March 2018

About HEAL

The Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL) is the leading not-for-profit organisation addressing how the environment affects human health in the European Union (EU) and beyond. HEAL works to shape laws and policies that promote planetary and human health and protect those most affected by pollution, and raise awareness on the benefits of environmental action for health. Read more »


HEAL has over 70 member organisations, representing health professionals, not-for-profit health insurers, doctors, nurses, cancer and asthma groups, citizens, women’s groups, youth groups, environmental NGOs, scientists and public health institutes. Members include international and Europe-wide organisations, as well as national and local groups. Read more »

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