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Guidance: sustainable and safe school sanitation

To underline the importance of sustainable and safe school sanitation, HEAL member WECF, has published a guildlines on how to provide hygienic, affordable and indoor sanitation in areas without a functioning waste water system.

School sanitation is an important but often neglected issue for public health. Children are most vulnerable and affected by poor sanitation conditions. Related diseases, particularly diarrhoea and parasite infections hinder the children´s physical and intellectual development. In a number of countries, evaluations have shown that pupils are dropping out of school due to bad toilet conditions.

The publication provides information on how to make school sanitation sustainable and succesfull. The focus is on urine diverting dry school toilet (UDDT) systems (or often called ecosan systems) which were successfully implemented by WECF together with local partners in different countries of the EECCA region. UDD toilets offer high quality and comfort. Because of the separation technology in the toilet device, these toilets do not smell or attract flies. For the operation, no water is used for flushing. Water is however needed for the hand washing facilities which are always included in the projects.

The content of this publication is based on the experiences of WECF and its partners on how to provide hygienic, affordable and indoor sanitation in areas without a functioning wastewater system as they are also implemented in sub-urban areas, with examples from Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

The publication is written for school directors and teachers, administration employees, engineers, architects and construction workers from the field and NGOs.

Last updated on 10 June 2011

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The Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL) is a leading European not-for-profit organisation addressing how the environment affects health in the European Union (EU). We demonstrate how policy changes can help protect health and enhance people’s quality of life. Read more »


HEAL has over 70 member organisations, representing health professionals, not-for-profit health insurers, doctors, nurses, cancer and asthma groups, citizens, women’s groups, youth groups, environmental NGOs, scientists and public health institutes. Members include international and Europe-wide organisations, as well as national and local groups. Read more »

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